Ten Steps to Protecting Trout and Salmon From Climate Change
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- Protect the diversity of remaining native trout and salmon populations.
- Restore the natural range of life history strategies in trout populations, including migratory and lake-dwelling forms.
- Protect springs, headwaters and other sources of cold water.
- Restore riparian habitats—the native trees and vegetation along streams and rivers—to provide shade.
- Restore large woody debris and boulders in stream channels to create deeper pools.
- Remove instream barriers to fish movement, such as dams and poorly-designed culverts.
- Restore instream flows that have been reduced by diversions for irrigation and other purposes.
- Minimize existing sources of stress, such as pollution, overgrazing, and roads along streams.
- Limit introductions of non-native fishes and control existing populations.
- Monitor and evaluate habitats as they face climate change.